JFrog Security Research
< Back

XRAY-532777 - libX11 & libXpm Heap Overflow RCE

CVE-2023-43787 | CVSS 7

JFrog Severity:high

Discovered ByYair Mizrahiof the JFrog Security Research Team

Published 4 Oct, 2023 | Last updated 4 Oct, 2023

A heap overflow caused by an integer overflow in libX11 and libXpm may lead to remote code execution when parsing malicious image files.

libx11 libxpm

(,1.8.7) (,3.5.17)

The XCreateImage() function in libX11 did not check properly for the image dimensions when creating a new image, which leads to an integer overflow. As part of the bug report, a proof-of-concept demonstrating remote code execution was included.

The PoC leveraged the bug in libXpm code during the parsing of Pixmap images to trigger the vulnerability in libX11. This vulnerability can be exploited through various means, including the sxpm command-line tool provided by libXpm for displaying Pixmap images on the screen, as well as any application that utilizes the vulnerable functions (for example, XpmReadFileToPixmap) within libXpm to parse Pixmap images.

An example for a vulnerable Xpm code snippet:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xutil.h>

void main()
    Display *display;
    Pixmap *pixmap, *shape;
    Window window, rootwindow;
    int width, height, screen;
    char* xpmfile = "file.xpm";

    display = XOpenDisplay (NULL);
    screen = DefaultScreen (display);
    width = DisplayWidth (display, screen);
    height = DisplayHeight (display, screen);
    rootwindow = RootWindow (display, screen);

    window = XCreateSimpleWindow (display, rootwindow, 0, 0, width, height, 0, 0, 0);
    XpmReadFileToPixmap (display, window, xpmfile, &pixmap, &shape, NULL);

No mitigations are supplied for this issue


< Back